Critical Review of the Suggestions of Incorporating Cultural Contents into the English Language as a Foreign Language

Тијана М. Стојановић, Средња школа, Лапово, имејл:

Иновације у настави, XXIX, 2016/3, стр. 118–127


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Резиме: Нераскидива повезаност језика и културе које су лингвисти свесни дуже време предмет је истраживања бројних аутора. Наиме, они се баве разним аспектима ове повезаности, почев од присуства културе у граматици коју користимо и метафорама којима се служимо, преко културолошких елемената које треба инкорпорирати у наставу страног језика, до самих предлога активности помоћу којих ће се реализовати културно оријентисана настава енглеског језика као страног, уз развијање културолошке свести ученика. Овај рад представља критички осврт на предлоге инкорпорирања културолошких садржаја у наставу страног језика које нуди литература посвећена повезаности језика и културе. Посебна пажња се посвећује новом приступу настави језика, такозваном интеркултурном приступу, који омогућава да се настава страног језика, у нашем случају енглеског, пренесе на виши ниво, у смислу да се не своди искључиво на преношење чињеница о култури земље чији се језик учи као страни, већ да подстиче ученике да стичу одређена знања и вештине  (Бајрамове такозване savoirs), док истовремено негују вредности као што су ширина схватања, знатижеља, толеранција различитости, и уважавање себе и других.
Кључне речи: култура, настава страног (енглеског) језика, интеркултурна комуникативна компетенција, културолошка свест ученика.

Summary:  The inextricable connection between language and culture which linguists have been aware of for a number of years, represents the subject of interest of numerous researchers who are concerned with various aspects of this connection, including the presence of culture in the grammar we use and metaphors we live by, cultural elements which need to be incorporated in teaching a foreign language, and classroom activities aimed at culturally oriented foreign language teaching and raising students’ cultural awareness. This paper represents a critical review of ways of incorporating cultural content in foreign language teaching proposed in the literature concerned with the connection between language and culture. The focus is on a new approach to foreign language teaching – intercultural approach, which enables students not only to learn facts about the target culture, but to acquire knowledge and skills known as Byram’s savoirs, as well, encouraging them to nourish values such as broad-mindedness, curiosity, tolerance for diversity and appreciating themselves and the others at the same time.
Key words: culture, foreign (English) language teaching, intercultural communicative competence, students’ cultural awareness.


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