Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statements



The journal Teaching Innovations is academic peerreviewed journal dedicated to scientific disciplines that deal with the educational process at all levels of education with a view to its improvement and modernization.  Teaching Innovations focus on education and finding optimal solutions and effective strategies for teaching innovations from preschool education through primary, secondary and university education to lifelong learning.

Title History: Teaching Innovations (1983 – present) Bibliographic Records: Since 29/03/1983 to present Full Text: Since 02/01/2006 to present

Publisher Information: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Education, Kraljice Natalije 43, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia The journal  Teaching Innovations  publishes  original  papers  that have not been published previously (scientific articles – original scientific articles, reviews, short scientific articles, book reviews, useful websites).

  1. Original scientific article (reporting previously unpublished results of the author’s original research based on the IMRAD (Introduction,  Methods, Results and Discussion) scientific method scheme);
  2. Review (presenting original, detailed and  critical review of the issue under study including the author’s personal contribution, proved by self-citation);
  3. Short scientific paper (original scientific paper which summarizes the results of one’s original research work or work that is still in progress);
  4. Book Review;
  5. Useful Websites.

Apart from scientific articles, the Teaching Innovations periodical   publishes,   in    lesser   extent,   translations    of papers, informative reviews and general reviews (computer programmes,  educational software, scientific events, etc.), as well as professionally-related information.

Teaching Innovations is an Open Access journal.

Contributions to journal shall be submitted in Serbian, English, Russian or French, with summaries in Serbian, English, Russian or French and extended summaries in English.

The Journal is issued four times a year (March, Jun, September, and December).

The journal is indexed in DOAJ, ERIHPLUS, EBSCO, SCIndeks.

Articles should be sent by e-mail. The electronic address of the editorial board of Teaching Innovations is:


The editors are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to Teaching Innovations will be published. The editors are guided by the Editorial Policy and  constrained  by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.

The basic criteria for the selection of papers are thematic  adjustment  of papers  to  the  journal  concept  and paper submission guidelines. The secretary of the Editorial Staff informs the authors about the status of their papers by e-mail.

Editors reserve the right to decide not to publish the submitted papers in case it is found that they do not meet the relevant standards concerning the content and formal criteria. The secretary of the editorial board will inform  the authors about the status of their papers.

The editors must have no conflict of interest with regard to papers they consider for publication. If the conflict of interest exists, the selection of reviewers and all decisions regarding the paper shall be made by the Editorial Board. The editors and Editorial Staff shall report the conflict of interest in a timely manner.

Editors shall evaluate the papers for their intellectual content free from any racial, gender, sexual, religious, ethnic, or political bias.

Editors and the Editorial Staff must not use unpublished materials disclosed in submitted manuscripts without the express  written  consent  of  the  authors.  The  information and ideas presented in the submitted papers shall be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.

Editors and the Editorial Staff shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that the reviewers remain anonymous to the authors before, during, and after the reviewing process and the authors remain anonymous to reviewers until the end of the reviewing procedure.

The editors  must  keep the process of the paper peer reviewing strictly confidential. The editors must not share any information  on the submitted papers or reviewers’ reports in generative AI tools such as ChatGPT.


Authors warrant that their manuscript is their original work, that it has not been published before and is not under consideration  for publication  elsewhere. Parallel submission of the same paper to another journal constitutes a misconduct and eliminates the manuscript from consideration by Teaching Innovations.

The Authors also warrant that the manuscript  is not and will not be published elsewhere (after the publication in Teaching Innovations) in any language without the consent of the copyright holder Publisher.

In case a submitted manuscript is a result of a research project, or its previous version has been presented at a conference in the form of an oral presentation (under the same or similar title), detailed information about the project, the conference, etc. shall be provided in footnote in the beginning of the submitted manuscript.  A paper that has already been published in another journal cannot be reprinted in Teaching Innovations.

It is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to Teaching Innovations are written with ethical standards in mind. Authors affirm that the article contains no unfounded  or unlawful statements and does not violate the rights of third parties. The Publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

The author is obliged to inform the editorial board in writing about any changes made in the text after peer review process (number of the page which includes the changes with all the changes highlighted) according to the reviewers’ comments and recommendations.

If the author(s), while writing the paper, used a generative AI tool such as ChatGPT, the content generated by the artificial intelligence must be clearly identified in the paper and the author(s) must confirm the use of AI in the Author’s Statement. An AI bot, such as ChatGPT, should not be cited as reference, i.e., as an author.

Аuthors are not allowed to use generative artificial intelligence to create or modify the key data in their research.

Аuthors are not allowed to share any sensitive information about the paper on AI platforms such as ChatGPT because in this way the confidential information on intellectual property is given by the authors to other people to use, before the paper has been published. All information  shared on AI tools such as Chat GPT is collected for business/commercial purposes.

Reporting standards

A submitted paper should contain sufficient details and references to permit  reviewers and, subsequently, readers to verify the claims presented in it. The deliberate presentation of false claims is a violation of ethical standards. Book reviews and technical papers should be accurate and they should present an objective perspective.

Authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submissions and must make sure that they have permission from all involved parties to make the data public.

Authors wishing to include figures, tables or other materials that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain the permission from the copyright holder(s). Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.


Authors must make sure that only the persons who have significantly contributed to the content of the paper are listed as authors. One paper can have the maximum of three authors. If persons other than authors were involved in important aspects of the research project and the preparation of the paper, their contribution  should be acknowledged in a footnote or in the Acknowledgments section.

Authors must sent a scanned and signed Statement of the author (the template can be taken from attached to the submitted scientific articles.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Authors  are  required  to  properly  cite  the  sources that have significantly influenced their research and their manuscript.  Information  received in  a  private  conversation or correspondence with third parties, in reviewing project applications, manuscripts, and similar materials, must not be used without the express written consent of the information source.


Plagiarism, where someone assumes another’s ideas, words, or other creative expression as one’s own, is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism may also involve a violation of copyright law, punishable by legal action.

Plagiarism includes the following:

  • Word for word, or almost word for word copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author’s work without clearly indicating the source or marking the copied fragment (for example, using quotation marks);
  • Copying equations, figures or tables from someone else’s paper without properly citing the source and/ or without permission from the original author or the copyright holder.

Please note that all submissions are thoroughly checked for plagiarism. The entire process takes place under the supervision of the editors (using the SCIndeks Assistant system based on the OJS SCIndeks platform). To prevent plagiarism the manuscripts are submitted to a plagiarism detection process using iThenticate/CrossRef within SCIndeks Assistant. The results obtained are verified by the Editorial Board in accordance with the guidelines and recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Any paper which shows obvious signs of plagiarism will be automatically rejected and authors will be permanently banned from publishing in the journal.

In case plagiarism is discovered in a paper that  has already been  published  by the  journal,  it  will be retracted in accordance with the procedure described below under Retraction  policy, and  authors  will be permanently  banned from publishing in the journal.

Conflict of interest

Authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other  substantive conflict of interest that  might have influenced the presented results or their interpretation. The authors provide the information on the conflict of interest in the Author’s Statement.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor or publisher and cooperate with the Managing Editor to retract or correct the paper in the form of an erratum.

By submitting a manuscript the authors agree to abide by the Teaching Innovations’s Editorial Policies.


Reviewers are required to provide written, competent and unbiased feedback in a timely manner  on the scholarly merits and the scientific value of the manuscript.

The reviewers assess manuscript for the compliance with the profile of the journal, the relevance of the investigated topic and applied methods, the originality and scientific relevance of information presented in the manuscript, the presentation style and scholarly apparatus.

Reviewers should alert the secretary and editors to any wellfounded suspicions or the knowledge of possible violations of ethical standards by the authors. Reviewers should recognize relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors and alert the editors and the secretary to substantial similarities between a reviewed manuscript and any manuscript published or under consideration for publication elsewhere, in the event they are aware of such. Reviewers should also alert the secretary and the editors about a parallel submission of the same paper to another journal, in the event they are aware of such.

Reviewers must not have conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the funding sources for the research. If such conflicts exist, the reviewers must report them to the secretary of the Editorial Staff and the editors without delay.

Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a paper or knows that its prompt review

will be impossible should notify the secretary and the editors without delay.

Reviews must  be conducted  objectively. Personal criticism  of  the  author  is  inappropriate.  Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Reviewers must not use unpublished materials disclosed in submitted manuscripts without the express  written  consent  of  the  authors.  The  information and ideas presented in submitted manuscripts shall be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.

The reviewers must particularly protect the confidenti- ality of the reviewing process. The reviewers must not use AI tools, including, but not limited to, ChatGPT, for generating the review reports.


The  submitted  manuscripts   are  subject  to  a  peer review process. The purpose of the peer review is to assist the editors in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author it may also assist the author in improving the paper.

In  the  process of paper  review the  papers  are  first evaluated by the editors. Based on their decision, the paper is rejected or approved for further double-blind peer review. All papers are anonymously reviewed by twocompetent reviewers. The reviewers do not know the authors’ identities and vice versa.

The whole process of reviewing is taking within one months. It is free of charge.

The choice  of  reviewers is  at  the  Editor-in-Chief ’s discretion.  The reviewers must  be knowledgeable about  the subject area of the manuscript; they must not be from the authors’ own institution and they should not have recent joint publications with any of the authors.

In the main review phase, the secretary of the Editorial Staff sends the submitted papers to two competent experts in the field. The reviewers’ evaluation form contains a checklist in order to help referees cover all aspects that can decide the fate of a submission. In the final section of the evaluation form, the reviewers must include observations and suggestions aimed at improving the submitted manuscript; these are sent to authors, without the names of the reviewers. All of the reviewers of a manuscript  remain anonymous to the authors before, during and after the evaluation process.

Apart  from  marking  different aspects of paper (quality of the title and abstract, thematic-theoretical frame, methodological approach, description of results and conclusion, contribution to scientific area), the reviews give suggestions for improving the paper and suggest paper category.

All of the reviewers of a paper act independently and they are not aware of each other’s identities. If the decisions of the two reviewers are not the same (accept/reject), the editors may assign additional reviewers.

During the review process the editors may require from authors to provide additional information (including the raw data) if they are necessary for the evaluation of the scholarly merit of the paper. These materials shall be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.

The  Editorial  team  shall  ensure  reasonable  quality control for the reviews. With respect to reviewers whose reviews are convincingly questioned by authors, special attention will be paid to ensure that the reviews are objective and high in academic standard. When there is any doubt with regard to the objectivity of the reviews or the quality of the review, additional reviewers will be assigned by the editors.


Anyone may inform the editors and/or  Editorial Staff at any time of suspected unethical behaviour or any type of misconduct by giving the necessary information/evidence  to start an investigation.


  • Editors will consult the Editorial Board on decisions regarding the initiation of an investigation.
  • During  an   investigation,   any   evidence  should be treated as strictly confidential and only made available to those strictly involved in investigating.
  • The authors suspected of breaking ethical rules will always be given a chance to respond to any charges made against them.
  • If it is established that misconduct  has occurred, then it will be classified as either a minor or serious breach of ethical rules.

Minor misconduct

Minor misconduct will be dealt with directly with those involved, without involving any other parties, e.g.:

  • Communicating  to   authors/reviewers   whenever a minor issue involving a misunderstanding or misapplication of academic standards has occurred.
  • A warning letter to an author or reviewer regarding a fairly minor misconduct.

Major misconduct

The editors, in consultation with the Editorial Board, and, when appropriate, after further consultation with a small group of experts, should make any decision regarding the course of action to be taken using the evidence available. The possible outcomes are as follows (these can be used separately or jointly):

  • Publication of a formal announcement or editorial describing the misconduct.
  • Informing the author’s (or reviewer’s) head of department or  employer  of  any  misconduct  by means of a formal letter.
  • The formal, announced retraction of publications from the journal in accordance with the Retraction Policy (see below).
  • A ban on submissions from an individual for a defined period.
  • Referring a case to a professional organization or legal authority for further investigation and action.

When dealing with unethical behaviour, the Editorial Staff will rely on the guidelines and recommendations provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE): http://


Legal limitations of the publisher, copyright holder or author(s), infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or any major misconduct require retraction of an article. Occasionally a retraction can be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The main reason for withdrawal or retraction is to correct the mistake while preserving the integrity of science; it is not to punish the author.
Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this practice has been adopted for article retraction by Teaching Innovations: in the electronic version of the retraction note, a link is made to the original article. In the electronic version of the original article, a link is made to the retraction note where it is clearly stated that the article has been retracted. The original article is retained unchanged, save for a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
The retraction takes the form of a separate item listed in the contents and labeled as “Retraction”. In SCIndeks, as the journals’ primary full-text database, and Journal page via Publisher Faculty of Education a two-way communication (HTML link) between the original work and the retraction is established. The original article is retained unchanged, except for a watermark on the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted”.
Retractions are published according to the requirements of COPE operationalized by CEON/CEES as the journal indexer and aggregator.


Teaching Innovations is an Open Access Journal. All articles can be downloaded free of charge licensed for Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence.

All the papers published in the Journal are licensed for Creative Commons  Attribution  4.0 International Licence, and in this way, all the interested researchers have the right to copy, share and distribute the published papers, professional information and other reviews.

The journal does not  charge any fees at submission, reviewing, and  production  stages. There is no APC (Article Processing Charge).

Faculty of Education, as the publisher, guarantees that there are no fees for processing and publishing articles.


The journal Teaching Innovations allows authors to deposit Author’s Post-print (accepted version) and Publisher’s version/PDF in an institutional repository and non-commercial subject-based repositories or to publish it on Author’s personal website (including social networking sites, such as ResearchGate,, etc.) and/or departmental website, at any time after publication. Full bibliographic information (authors, article title, journal title, volume, issue, pages) about the original publication must be provided and a link must be made to the article’s DOI.


Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, authors shall transfer the copyright to the Publisher. If the submitted manuscript is not accepted for publication by the journal, all rights shall be retained by the author(s).

Authors grant to the Publisher the following rights to the manuscript, including any supplemental material, and any parts, extracts or elements thereof:

  • the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript in printed form, including print-on-demand;
  • the right to produce prepublications, reprints, and special editions of the Manuscript;
  • the right to translate the Manuscript into other languages;
  • the right to reproduce the Manuscript using photo- mechanical or similar means including, but not lim- ited to photocopy, and the right to distribute these reproductions;
  • the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript electronically or optically on any and all data carriers or storage media – especially in machine readable/ digitalized form on data carriers such as hard drive, CD-Rom, DVD, Blu-ray Disc (BD), Mini-Disk, data tape – and the right to reproduce and distribute the Article via these data carriers;
  • the right to store the Manuscript in databases, in- cluding online databases, and the right of transmis- sion of the Manuscript in all technical systems and modes;
  • the right to make the Manuscript available to the public or to closed user groups on individual de- mand, for use on monitors or other readers (includ- ing e-books), and in printable form for the user, either via the internet, other online services, or via internal or external networks.


The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the Editors and Editorial Staff. The authors take legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in the articles. Publisher Faculty of Education shall have no liability in the event of issuance of any claims for damages. The Publisher Teacher Education Faculty will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


Teaching Innovations is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them  for any other  lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.


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