Correlation between Body Mass of the Younger School Age Students in Town Schools and the Schoolbag Weight

Живорад M. Марковић, Универзитет у Крагујевцу, Факултет педагошких наука у Јагодини, имејл:
Иновације у настави, XXXI, 2018/1, стр. 101–107

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doi: 10.5937/inovacije1802101M


Резиме: Циљ истраживања је био да се утврди процентуални однос телесне масе васпитаника припремног предшколског програма и масе њихове торбе у оквиру стандарда који је прописала Светска здравствена организација и њихов однос према торби. Истраживање је трансверзалног карактера и реализовано је у другом полугодишту школске 2015/2016. године у Предшколској установи „Дечја радост“ у Свилајнцу. Узорак испитаника обухватио је деведесет дечака и деведесет девојчица. Добијени резултати указују на велики распон вредности телесне масе, масе торбе и процентуалног односа телесне масе и масе торбе предшколаца. Процентуални однос код дечака и девојчица прелази дозвољених 10%, прописан од стране Светске здравствене организације. Највећи број дечака у вртић долази пешице, а девојчица аутом. Торба се носи на оба рамена, помоћ у већини случајева при паковању торбе пружају родитељи. Бол при ношењу је присутан и најизраженији у леђима и врату. Тешка торба предшколаца и, касније, ученика млађег школског узраста није проблем само у Србији већ у читавом свету.

Кључне речи: предшколац, торба, однос, маса тела.


Summary: The goal of this research was to determine the correlation between the body weight of preparatory preschool children and the weight of their schoolbags in the framework of the standards prescribed by the World Health Organisation and to examine students’ attitudes towards schoolbags which they carry every day. The research had a transversal character and it was conducted in the second term of 2015/2016 school year in the preschool institution “Dečija Radost” in Svilajnac. The sample consisted of 90 boys and 90 girls. The results indicate a large span of values of body weight, schoolbag weight and the correlation between the body weight and the preschoolers’ schoolbag weight expressed in percentages. The correlation for boys and girls exceeds 10% of the values prescribed by the World Health Organisation. Boys come to school mostly on foot, while girls come to school by car. A schoolbag is carried on both shoulders. In most of the cases parents help their preschoolers to pack the schoolbag. While carrying their schoolbags, pupils feel some pain, mostly in the neck and the back. A heavy bag of preschoolers, and later pupils of younger school age, is not a problem only in Serbia but in the whole world.

Keywords: preschoolers, schoolbag, correlation, body mass.



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