Развојни и ликовни потенцијал ручно израђених играчака на предшколском узрасту: пример Валдорф педагогије

мр Вера Д. Вечански, Универзитет у Београду, Учитељски факултет, имејл: vera.vecanski@uf.bg.ac.rs

Иновације у настави, XXVIII, 2015/1, стр. 92–104




Резиме: Ручно израђивање играчака је активност која има вишеструке користи за различите аспекте развоја детета, па ипак, она је у савременом детињству веома мало заступљена. Циљ рада јесте да се укаже на важну улогу коју активности ручног израђивања играчака могу имати на развој деце предшколског узраста. У раду су анализирани квалитети добре играчке, развојни и ликовни потенцијал ручне израде играчака и различите добробити које дете може имати од овог процеса. У посебном сегменту рада анализиране су карактеристике ручно израђених играчака које се користе у оквиру Валдорф педагогије, процеси у којима оне настају, као и карактеристике игре коју подстичу. Валдорф педагогија је алтернативни васпитно-образовни систем који се заснива на холистичком приступу детету, породици, школи/вртићу и окружењу, и специфичан је по важности коју придаје игри и пажљиво одабраним играчкама које се нуде деци за игру. На основу урађене анализе може се закључити да, иако ручно израђивањe играчака може деловати као анахрона, бесмислена и сувишна активност у савременом потрошачком животу, онa има значајне бенефите, те да би већа заступљеност оваквих процеса у предшколском васпитању и образовању имала позитивне ефекте на развој детета у целини.

Кључне речи: ручно израђене играчке, развојни и ликовни потенцијал, Валдорф педагогија, холистички педагошки системи.

Summary: Although toy making is an activity with multiple benefits for various aspects of child development, it is nowadays rarely practiced with young children. The objective of the paper is to
shed light on the important role making of toys by hand may have on the overall development of preschool children. Analysis is made of qualities of a good toy, developmental and artistic potential
of toys, and the benefits a child may have from the process. A separate segment of the paper analyzes the characteristics of handmade toys used in the Waldorf education system, the procedures by which they are made, and the qualities of the games they encourage. Waldorf education is an alternative educational system based on holistic approach to the child, family, day care facility or school, and the overall environment. It stands out by the high degree of importance it gives to play and carefully selected toys offered for play. Based on the analysis a conclusion can be made that even though toy making may seem to be an outdated, senseless and superfluous activity in the today’s consumer society, it does in fact have comprehensive benefits, and that therefore an increase of such activities at preschool level would have positive effects on the overall child development.

Key words: handmade toys, developmental and artistic potential, Waldorf education, holistic
pedagogical systems.



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