Преваленца деформитета кичменог стуба код деце млађег школског узраста из Републике Српске

Далибор Ђ. Стевић, Педагошки факултет у Бијељини, Универзитет у Источном Сарајеву, Република Српска, Босна и Херцеговина, имејл: dekan@pfb.ues.rs.ba
Небојша З. Митровић, Педагошки факултет у Бијељини, Универзитет у Источном Сарајеву, Република Српска, Босна и Херцеговина
Дејан Р. Бокоњић, Медицински факултет у Фочи, Универзитет у Источном Сарајеву, Република Српска, Босна и Херцеговина
Иновације у настави, XXXI, 2018/2, стр. 13–21

| PDF | | Extended summary PDF |
doi: 10.5937/inovacije1802013S

 

Резиме: Услед биолошке акцелерације, измена животних навика, научно-технолошке револуције, несразмерног раста и развоја, утицаја ендогених и егзогених фактора постурални поремећаји код деце млађег школског узраста из Републике Српске, али и земаља региона, у порасту су из године у годину. Истраживање, чији је циљ био да се анализира заступљеност деформитета кичменог стуба код деце млађег школског узраста из Републике Српске (Босна и Херцеговина), било је трансверзалног карактера. Узорак испитаника изведен је из популације деце млађег школског узраста из Бијељине и Фоче (Република Српска), а чинило га је деведесет дечака и девојчица подељених у два субузорка. Један субузорак су чинили дечаци, и то њих четрдесет пет, а други су чиниле девојчице, такође њих четрдесет пет. Мерење је реализовано у школској 2014/15. години, а сви испитаници су у тренутку мерење похађали други разред ОШ „Јован Дучић“ из Бијељине и ОШ „Свети Сава“ из Фоче. За анализу кичменог стуба кориштена је једна од најсавременијих компјутерских метода која у 3Д формату мери закривљеност кичменог стуба – Win Spine Pointer Zebris Medical. Резултати мерења су показали повећан проценат заступљености деформитета кичменог стуба код популације деце млађег школског узраста.
Кључне речи: преваленца, деформитети кичменог стуба, млађи школски узраст, Република Српска.

 

Summary: Due to the acceleration of biological and lifestyle changes, scientific and technological revolution, disproportionate growth and development, and the impact of endogenous and exogenous factors, postural disorders in the early school age children from the Republic of Srpska and the countries of the region have been increasingly on the rise. A research of a transversal character was conducted in order to analyse the presence of spinal deformities in children of early school age in the Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina). The sample included the population of children in the lower grades of elementary schools from Bijeljina and Foča (Republic of Srpska) and consisted of 90 boys and girls who were divided into two subgroups. One sub-sample consisted of 45 boys, while the other consisted of 45 girls. The measurement was conducted during the 2014/15 school year, when all pupils included in the sample attended the second grade of either “Jovan Dučić” elementary school in Bijeljina or “St. Sava” school in Foča. One of the most state-of-the-art 3D computer methods, Spine Win Pointer Zebris Medical, was used in the analysis of the spinal column. The results of the measurement showed an increased percentage of spinal deformity in the population of the school children in the lower grades of elementary school.

Keywords: prevalence of spinal deformities, early school age, Republic of Srpska.

 

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