Могу ли различити начини рада у настави да утичу на повезаност друштвеног положаја и постигнућа ученика?

Драгана Ж. Гундоган, Институт за педагошка истраживања, Београд, Република Србија, имејл: stokanicdragana@gmail.com
Душица М. Малинић, Институт за педагошка истраживања, Београд, Република Србија
Младен Б. Радуловић, Институт за педагошка истраживања, Београд, Република Србија
Иновације у настави, XXXIII, 2020/2, стр. 29–41

| PDF | | Extended summary PDF |
doi: 10.5937/inovacije2002029G

 

Резиме: Полазећи од тога да не постоји консензус о начину на који школски фактори посредују утицај друштвеног положаја на постигнуће, желели смо да испитамо како наставне праксе утичу на везу између друштвеног положаја и постигнућа ученика. Прецизније, настојали смо да утврдимо да ли се међу ученицима чији учитељи користе различите начине рада (ближе трансмисивној или ближе ангажујућој настави) разликује интензитет повезаности између друштвеног положаја и постигнућа на TIMSS тесту. Да бисмо одговорили на ово питање, користили смо податке прикупљене у оквиру истраживања TIMSS 2015, спроведеног у Србији, а које је обухватило сто шездесет школа, сто деведесет два учитеља и четири хиљада тридесет шест ученика. Прикупљени подаци су анализирани помоћу факторске анализе варијансе и корелационе анализе. Резултати су показали да (1) постоји умерена позитивна веза између друштвеног положаја и постигнућа ученика, (2) да не постоји повезаност између начина рада у настави и постигнућа ученика, као и да (3) начин рада у настави посредује у вези између друштвеног положаја и постигнућа. Посредујућа улога начина рада огледа се у томе што је интензитет везе између положаја и постигнућа јачи уколико је настава више трансмисивна и мање ангажујућа. Добијени налази сугеришу да начини рада у учионици могу да ублаже друштвене неједнакости, те да је потребно да буду конципирани што више у складу са принципима ангажујуће наставе.
Кључне речи: друштвени положај, TIMSS, постигнуће, учитељ, настава.

Summary:  Starting from the fact that there is no consensus on the way in which school factors mediate the influence of social status on achievement, we wanted to examine how teaching practices affect the relationship between social status and student achievement. More precisely, we tried to determine whether the intensity of the correlation between social status and student achievement on the TIMSS test differs among students whose teachers use different ways of teaching (practices that are more in line with transmissive teaching or practices more in line with engaging teaching). To answer this question, we used the data collected within the TIMSS 2015 research conducted in Serbia, which included 160 schools, 192 primary school teachers, and 4036 students. The collected data were analyzed using factor analysis of variance and correlation analysis. The results showed that (1) there is a moderate positive correlation between social status and student achievement, (2) that there is no correlation between teaching practices and student achievement, and that (3) teaching methods mediate the relationship between social status and achievement. The mediating role of teaching approaches is reflected in the fact that the stronger intensity of the correlation between social status and achievement is, the teaching itself tends to be more transmissive and less engaging. The obtained findings suggest that teaching approaches in the classroom can alleviate social inequality, and that their concept has to be as much as possible in accordance with the principles of engaging teaching.
Кeywords: social status, TIMSS, achievement, primary school teacher, teaching.

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