Тенденције у погледу развоја проеколошког понашања ученика

Славољуб С. Јовановић, Универзитет у Београду, Географски факултет, имејл: sjovanovic@gef.bg.ac.rs

Љиљана С. Живковић, Универзитет у Београду, Географски факултет

Иновације у настави, XXIX, 2016/4, стр. 115–122

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doi:10.5937/inovacije1604115J

 

Резиме:
Имајући у виду чињеницу да ће због интензивирања проблема у вези са животном средином млади бити изложени све већим ризицима у будућности, веома је важно формирати њихову еколошку свест и проеколошко понашање. Циљ овог рада је био да се идентификује ниво проеколошког понашања ученика, као и да се утврди да ли у том погледу постоје разлике између ученика различитог нивоа школовања и пола. Применом петостепене скале проеколошког понашања укупно су испитана двеста педесет два ученика основних и средњих школа из Београда. Резултати истраживања указују да ученици имају неадекватно понашање према окружењу у појединим ситуацијама (поступање са отпадом, штедња воде и енергије у домаћинству, проеколошка потрошња). Показало се да у погледу проеколошког понашања не постоје статистички значајне разлике између ученика различитог нивоа школовања и пола. Добијени резултати могу да укажу на правце деловања формалног образовања у погледу развоја еколошке свести и проеколошких навика младих у Србији.
Кључне речи: еколошка свест, проеколошко понашање, еколошко образовање.

Summary: Taking into account the fact that intensifying problems concerning the environment, the young will be exposed to more risks in the future, it is very important to form their ecological consciousness and pro-ecological behaviour. The aim of this paper was to identify the level of pro-ecological behaviour of students, as well as to determine whether there are differences between students of different level of education and gender. Applying five-degree scale of pro-ecological behaviour, 252 primary and secondary students from Belgrade were interviewed. Results of the research show that students behave inadequately in the surrounding in some situations (dealing with garbage, saving water and energy in the household and pro-ecological consumption). It has been shown that in the respect of proecological behaviour, there are no statistically significant differences between students of different level of education and gender. Given results can point at the directions of formal education in the respect of development of ecological consciousness and pro-ecological habits of the young in Serbia.
Key words: ecological consciousness, pro-ecological behaviour, environmental education.

 

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