Индекс телесне масе (ИТМ) као значајан фактор у испољавању моторичких способности деце млађег школског узраста

Слободан Љ. Павловић, Универзитет у Крагујевцу, Педагошки факултет у Ужицу, имејл: slobodan.b.pavlovic@gmail.com
Иновације у настави, XXXI, 2018/2, стр. 53–59

| PDF | | Extended summary PDF |
doi: 10.5937/inovacije1802053P

 

Резиме: Циљ овог истраживања је био да се утврде разлике у моторичким способностима деце млађег школског узраста у зависности од вредности индекса телесне масе (ИТМ). Узорак испитаника су сачињавала сто седамдесет четири ученика млађег школског узраста на територији Ужица, узраста 10 ± 0,65 година. Анализирано је седам моторичких варијабли ради утврђивања квантитативних разлика у просторима моторичког функционирања деце. Деца су подељена на три групе на основу индекса телесне масе (потхрањени, нормално ухрањени и прекомерно ухрањени). Резултати добијени у овом истраживању указују на постојање разлика у моторичком простору између група испитаника. Највећа разлика између група се показала у подручју брзине кретања, координације целог тела, статичке снаге руку и раменог појаса и гипкости. Дефинисана је разлика и у репетитивној снази, с нешто мањим нивоом значајности. Овакав резултат наводи на закључак да деца која су ухрањена поседују боље моторичке способности у односу на потхрањене и прекомерно ухрањене. То је у индиректној вези са квалитетом наставе физичког васпитања, јер се ученици са бољим моторичким способностима више крећу и више се залажу на часу.

Кључне речи: индекс телесне масе (ИТМ), моторичке способности, ниво ухрањености, млађи школски узраст.

 

Summary: The aim of this study was to determine the differences in motor skills in the lower primary school children depending on the value of the body mass index (BMI). The sample consisted of 174 students of the lower primary school grades in the city of Uzice, aged 10 ± 0.65 years. Seven motor variables were analysed to determine the quantitative differences in the areas of the motor functioning of children. The children were categorised in three groups based on the body mass index (underweight, normal weight and overweight). The results obtained in this study indicate that there are differences in the motor space among the groups of respondents. The biggest difference was identified in the speed of movement, coordination of the whole body, static strength of arms and shoulders and flexibility. A statistically less significant difference was also identified in the repetitive strength. The results suggest that children with normal nutritional status have the best motor skills, compared to the underweight and overweight children. The findings are indirectly related to the quality of physical education teaching, because students with better motor skills are more active in class in terms of movement.

Keywords: Body mass index (BMI), motor abilities, level of nutrition, early primary school pupils.

 

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