Еколошки погледи на свет ученика основне и средње школе: примена НЕП скале

Јелена М. Станишић, Институт за педагошка истраживања, Београд, Србија, имејл: jstanisic@ipi.ac.rs
Иновације у настави, XXXIV, 2021/3, стр. 76–94

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DOI: 10.5937/inovacije2103076S
 

Резиме: Ставови према животној средини представљају начин на који појединац посматра свет око себе и важно их је испитивати, јер често одређују понашање које или повећава или смањује квалитет животне средине. Циљ рада је испитати еколошке погледе на свет ученика основне и средње школе, као и утврђивање димензионалности НЕП скале на нашем узорку. Осим тога, циљ рада је и да се укаже на евентуалне разлике у еколошком погледу на свет између дечака и девојчица, као и ученика са различитим школским успехом. За испитивање еколошких погледа на свет ученика коришћена је НЕП скала (енг. New Environmental/Ecological Paradigm). У истраживању су учествовала 402 ученика узраста од 13 до 15 година. Резултати су показали да наши испитаници показују благу тенденцију ка проеколошком погледу на свет. Факторском анализом добијена су три фактора: еколошка криза, човек (ни)је изнад природе и човекова (не)изузетост из природе. Разлика између дечака и девојчица се показала на трећем фактору. Према резултатима овог истраживања, девојчице су склоније веровању да човек, без обзира на своју способност и развој науке и технологије, не може бити изузет из природне средине и не може да утиче на природне процесе. Школски успех позитивно корелира са фактором еколошка криза. Резултати нашег истраживања показују да је пред доносиоцима образовних одлука, истраживачима као и пред практичарима у школи важан задатак, а то је да пронађу начине како да оно што се дешава у школи има значајнији утицај на еколошке погледе на свет ученика.

Кључне речи: еколошки поглед на свет, НЕП скала, еколошко васпитање и образовање, ученици.

 

Summary: Abstract. Attitudes towards environment represent the ways individuals perceive the world around them. Such attitudes are worth exploring because they frequently determine the behavior that either increases or decreases the quality of the environment. The aim of the paper is to investigate elementary and high school students’ environmental worldviews and to determine the dimensionality of the NEP Scale on our sample. In addition, the aim of the paper is point to potential differences betweeen boys and girls as well as students with different school achievements. The environmental worldviews were analyzed using the NEP Scale (New Environmental/Ecological Paradigm). The research encompassed 402 students of age 13-15. The results show that our respondents demonstrate a slight tendency towards pro-environmentalism. Three factors were obtained using factor analysis: Environmental Crisis, (Anti) anthropocentrism, and (Anti) exemptionalism. The difference between the boys and girls became manifest in the third factor. According to the research results, girls are more inclined to believe that people, regardless of their aptitude to develop science and technology, cannot be exempt from the natural environment and cannot influence natural processes. School achievement is in positive correlation with the Environmental Crisis factor. The research results indicate that decision-makers in education, researchers, and practitioners have to deal with a serious task – they have to find the ways how to increase the impact of the regular, everyday school life on students’ attitudes towards the environment.

Кeywords: environmental worldview, NEP Scale, environmental education, students.

 

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